US Tax Foundation: Tracking State Legislative Responses to COVID-19

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Like the federal government, states play a critical role in responding to the novel coronavirus outbreak. Legislators across the country are working to respond as quickly and effectively as possible, while balancing public health risks of legislative sessions for both legislators and the public. Most states typically begin their legislative sessions in January and adjourn for the year between March and May, but this is turning into an anything-but-typical legislative year.

Many states are racing to pass budgets, emergency COVID-19 supplemental appropriations, and other must-pass legislation as quickly as possible so they can adjourn earlier than anticipated and avoid unnecessary risk of exposure. Other states, especially those with legislative calendars scheduled to extend later into the year, have suspended their legislative sessions, with plans to resume once the virus is better contained. Some state legislatures, even those that have already adjourned, will undoubtedly reconvene to further address the pandemic. It may be necessary for legislators to come back to make budget adjustments. States should also follow the federal government in delaying tax filing and payment deadlines, though this can typically be done administratively.

While direct public health interventions and assistance to those in economic distress are the most urgent needs, tax policy will play an important role in this process, both in states’ efforts to provide relief and, ultimately, to cover the costs of these outlays. State procedures vary in the event of a failure to adopt a budget, though at this time most legislatures still appear to be striving to have budgets in place by the start of the next fiscal year.

The following table indicates when each legislature is next scheduled to meet, when it is currently scheduled to adjourn, what schedule adjustments are being contemplated or made in response to the coronavirus outbreak, the status of the state’s budget, and the state’s rainy day fund (RDF) balance as a percentage of the prior year’s general fund budget.

A state-by-state roundup of major state legislative responses to the COVID-19 outbreak appears below the table and will be updated periodically.

Jump to State-by-State Responses

Current Status of State Legislative Sessions, FY 2021 Budgets, Rainy Day Fund Balances as Percentage of General Fund, and Tax Filing Dates (as of 4/9)
StateNext Legislative Meeting DayOriginally Scheduled AdjournmentCOVID-19 Schedule AdjustmentsBudget StatusRDF BalanceRevised Income Tax Filing Date
AlabamaApril 28May 19Suspended until April 28Pending10.1%July 15
AlaskaNone ScheduledMay 20In recess; return not currently scheduledSent to governor52.6%No Change§
ArizonaNone ScheduledApril 25Suspended indefinitelyEnacted8.8%July 15
ArkansasIn sessionMay 7Special special held March 26; fiscal session convened as scheduled April 8Pending2.7%July 15
CaliforniaMay 4November 30Suspended until May 4Pending13.0%July 15
ColoradoMay 18May 6Suspended until May 18Pending7.9%July 15‡
ConnecticutApril 13May 6Suspended until April 13Enacted15.3%July 15
DelawareNone scheduledJune 30Suspended indefinitelyPending5.4%July 15
FloridaNone scheduledMarch 13Adjourned March 19Passed both chambers4.6%No Change§
GeorgiaNone scheduledMarch 27Suspended indefinitelyPending10.6%*July 15
HawaiiNone scheduledMay 7Suspended indefinitelyEnacted4.8%July 20
IdahoNone scheduledMarch 27Adjourned March 20Enacted9.5%June 15
IllinoisNone scheduledYear-RoundSuspended indefinitelyPending0.0%July 15
IndianaNone scheduledMarch 11No, adjourned sine die March 11 as scheduledEnacted8.6%July 15
IowaAfter April 30April 21Suspended through April 30Pending10.3%July 31
KansasApril 27 (veto session)April 3Adjourned early for March spring breakEnacted0.0%July 15
KentuckyApril 13April 15Suspended until April 13Sent to governor2.6%July 15
LouisianaNone scheduledJune 1Suspended indefinitelyPending4.4%July 15
MaineNone scheduledApril 15Adjourned sine die March 17Enacted7.8%July 15
MarylandAdjournedApril 6Adjourned sine die March 18Sent to governor6.2%July 15
MassachusettsIn sessionJuly 31Social distancing measures in place; committee business conducted onlinePending9.5%July 15
MichiganIn sessionYear-RoundReconvened after brief suspension with social distancing measures in placePending11.0%*July 15
MinnesotaApril 14May 18Suspended until April 14Enacted10.4%July 15
MississippiIn sessionMay 10Social distancing measures in placePending8.1%May 15
MissouriIn sessionMay 15Meeting less frequentlyPending6.3%July 15
MontanaNone scheduledNo SessionNot in session; interim meetings cancelledEnacted4.6%July 15
NebraskaNone scheduledApril 23Suspended indefinitelyEnacted11.0%July 15
NevadaNone scheduledNo SessionNoEnacted8.9%n.a.
New HampshireMay 4June 30Suspended through May 4Enacted7.4%No Change§¶
New JerseyIn sessionYear-RoundMeeting less frequentlyPending1.0%July 15
New MexicoNone scheduledFebruary 20No, adjourned sine die February 20 as scheduledEnacted26.8%July 15
New YorkIn recessYear-RoundTemporarily in recess; return not currently scheduledEnacted3.2%July 15
North CarolinaApril 28Mid-JulySession to convene belatedly on April 28Enacted5.3%*July 15
North DakotaNone scheduledNo SessionNoEnacted30.0%July 15
OhioMarch 31Year-RoundHouse suspended briefly; both chambers now in sessionEnacted7.7%July 15
OklahomaNone scheduledMay 29Reconvened after brief suspension with social distancing measures in placePending11.5%*July 15
OregonNone scheduledMarch 8Special session likelyEnacted13.5%July 15
PennsylvaniaIn session (remote)Year-RoundIn session but voting remotelyPending1.0%July 15
Rhode IslandApril 14Year-RoundSuspended until April 14Pending5.2%July 15
South CarolinaNone scheduledMay 14Suspended through early AprilPending6.6%July 15
South DakotaJune special sessionMarch 30Adjourned sine die March 31; special session expected in JuneSent to governor11.1%n.a.
TennesseeJune 1April 22Suspended until June 1Sent to governor7.0%July 15§
TexasNone scheduledNo SessionCommittee hearings suspendedEnacted12.9%n.a.
UtahNone scheduledMarch 12No, adjourned sine die March 12 as scheduledEnacted9.9%July 15
VermontNone scheduledMay 8Approved remote votingPending13.7%July 15
VirginiaApril 22
(veto session only)
March 12NoSent to governor6.0%June 1†
WashingtonNone scheduledMarch 12No, adjourned sine die March 12 as scheduledEnacted8.0%n.a.
West VirginiaNone scheduledMarch 7No, adjourned sine die March 7 as scheduledEnacted16.9%July 15
WisconsinNone scheduledMarch 7Special session under active considerationEnacted3.6%July 15
WyomingNone scheduledMarch 12No, adjourned sine die March 12 as scheduledEnacted109.0%n.a.
District of ColumbiaMay meet remotely as neededYear-RoundNo present plansPending14.4%July 15
* Rainy Day Fund levels from 2019 in these states (Georgia 2018). All other states have January 1, 2020 data.
† Extension only applies to payment obligations, not filing.
‡ Colorado has extended its payment deadline to July 15 but provided an automatic filing extension for all taxpayers to October 15.
§ State has a corporate income tax but no individual income tax on wage income. New Hampshire and Tennessee tax interest and dividend income.
¶ Only taxpayers owing $10,000 or less in interest and dividend taxes in Tax Year 2018 are eligible for the extended deadline.
Sources: National Conference of State Legislatures; National Association of State Budget Officers; state legislative websites and news articles.


The legislature has approved and Governor Kay Ivey (R) has signed a $5 million emergency appropriation for COVID-19 response efforts. On March 31, both the House and Senate voted to suspend session until April 28. The legislature is currently in recess for its annual spring break. Committee hearings that were scheduled for March 25 have been canceled, and while the House is scheduled to meet March 26, a quorum is not expected. Both chambers are scheduled to reconvene March 31 to make a joint decision regarding future legislative meeting days. Governor Ivey has postponed primary runoff elections set for March 31 under powers authorized by the state’s Emergency Management Act and confirmed by the attorney general’s office. The state has not yet passed a budget for fiscal year 2021. The state has announced that they will follow the IRS in delaying income tax filing deadlines from April 15 to July 15. The Department of Revenue is also moving back the February, March, and April sales tax payment, but not filing, deadlines for small businesses affected by the pandemic (those with less than $62,500 in monthly sales in 2019). [Updated 4/2 with session information and 3/20 with filing and payment extension.]


In early March, Alaska lawmakers approved $4.1 million in emergency state funding to respond to the coronavirus pandemic. On March 29, after both chambers passed a budget for FY 2021, the legislature went into a recess for an indefinite period of time. While legislators announced no definitive plans to reconvene, the legislative session remains ongoing until May 20, meaning the session could still resume before that date. Legislative attorneys have said the state constitution does not allow for remote voting.

After making extensive line-item vetoes, Gov. Mike Dunleavy (R) signed the FY 2021 budget into law on April 6. According the Anchorage Daily News, the governor has said he intends to use federal funding to offset certain budget cuts, but some legislative leaders have questioned whether federal CARES Act money can be used for those purposes. The signed budget includes Permanent Fund Dividend (PFD) checks amounting to approximately $1,000 to be distributed in October to eligible Alaskans.

While, at face value, Alaska’s rainy day fund reserves appear strong, the state’s finances have been severely impacted by the decline in oil prices due to Alaska’s heavy reliance on severance tax revenue. And the state faces a massive projected revenue shortfall of $2.5 billion, an estimate which predates the current crisis or the latest collapse in oil prices.

Alaska has expanded unemployment benefits, and the waiting period has been waived[Updated 4/9 with signed budget information, 4/2 with budget and session information, 3/24 with updated status of budget, 3/23 with Senate budget introduction and plans to adjourn, and 3/19 with details of House supplemental budget vote.]


After passing a budget on March 23, Arizona’s House and Senate recessed with hopes of reconvening April 13. However, on April 7, House and Senate leaders announced the legislative session has been further postponed and that legislative leaders will reevaluate at the end of the month.

On March 23, the House agreed to a scaled-down $11.8 billion Senate-passed FY 2021 budget package that includes $50 million in new coronavirus funding in addition to $55 million in emergency coronavirus response money that was approved earlier in March. Some legislators voted remotely under recently adopted rules changes. Gov. Doug Ducey (R) signed the budget on March 28.

The enacted budget is widely viewed as a contingency budget meant to continue government operations should the legislature be unable to reconvene before the start of the new fiscal year. When lawmakers return, they expect to revisit certain budget provisions. The Arizona Joint Legislative Budget Committee, in an April 9 Finance Advisory Committee briefing, projected a $1.1 billion revenue shortfall for FY 2021, while acknowledging a margin of error of as much as $500 million in either direction.

Several legislators have expressed their belief that, when they return, COVID-19 response legislation will remain their top priority, and they expect most unrelated bills will stall even if they had momentum earlier in the session. In his January State of the State address, Gov. Ducey proposed using some of the state’s $1 billion surplus for tax cuts in FY 2021. Arizona’s Budget Stabilization Fund had over $1 billion in reserves as of the beginning of 2020.

The Arizona Department of Revenue has moved the income tax filing and payment deadline to July 15.

[Updated 4/9 with session changes, 4/2 with signing of the budget, 3/27 with legislative priorities, 3/25 with new budget information, 3/24 with information on budget passage and the new income tax filing and payment deadline, and 3/23 with new information on budget negotiations.]


The Arkansas Legislature convened March 26 for an extraordinary session to create a special rainy day fund for COVID-19 and to discuss the anticipated revenue shortfall for the current fiscal year due to extending the income tax deadline. Arkansas has revised its revenue forecast for FY 2020, showing a loss of $353.1 million compared to its May 2019 forecast. In early March, Gov. Asa Hutchinson (R) said he wanted to transfer some of the state’s $54 million surplus into the Long Term Reserve Fund (the state’s general rainy day fund). The Long Term Reserve Fund is currently funded at only $153 million, or 2.7 percent of last year’s general fund budget.

Both chambers convened on April 8, with social distancing measures in place, for the scheduled fiscal session, which is set to adjourn May 7. Legislators are expected to consider a $5.8 billion budget for FY 2021. Arkansas has extended its income tax filing and payment deadline to July 15. [Updated 4/9 with session information, 3/27 with revised revenue forecast, 3/26 with special session and rainy day fund information, and 3/25 with filing extension.]


The legislature on March 16 approved legislation allowing Gov. Gavin Newsom (D) to spend up to $1 billion for any purpose related to his coronavirus emergency declaration. On March 25, the Department announced plans to use $1.3 billion from the emergency fund to purchase medical supplies and care for coronavirus patients. In mid-March, the legislature suspended its session until April 13, but on April 3, legislative leaders announced the next meeting day would be further postponed to May 4. California’s legislative session is scheduled to last through November.

On March 24, the California Department of Finance notified legislators saying the normal budget schedule and underlying revenue assumptions and policy goals will have to be reconsidered and said there should be no expectation of full funding for new or existing policy proposals. Typically, the Department updates revenue and expenditure projections by April 1 to be incorporated into the governor’s revised budget request, but the Department did not do so this year given the evolving nature of COVID-19’s impact on the state’s economy. When lawmakers reconvene, revising the budget will be a top priority, with a final budget expected to be signed in June.

California has extended its income tax filing and payment deadline to July 15. In addition, Gov. Newsom has granted small businesses an automatic extension to July 31 for the filing and payment of various taxes. Specifically, any business that would need to file a return and pay taxes amounting to less than $1 million will have until the end of July to do so. The filing deadline for excise taxes on alcohol and motor fuel is moved to June 15, whereas the filing deadline for excise taxes on tobacco is moved to June 25 and the filing deadline for excise taxes on marijuana is moved to June 30. As of April 2, businesses with less than $5 million in taxable annual sales can defer up to $50,000 in sales and use tax liability, paying in installments over 12 months without interest or penalties. [Updated 4/9 with session information and sales tax remittance deferral, 4/2 with small business filing extension, 3/26 with emergency fund use, 3/25 with updated budget information, and 3/20 with income tax filing extension.]


The General Assembly suspended its session March 14, roughly midway through the 120-day session, and set an initial tentative return date of March 30 while acknowledging the recess might extend longer. On March 30, the legislature reconvened in pro forma session just long enough to recess again, allowing the legislature to adjourn for up to three days.

On April 1, the Colorado Supreme Court ruled the legislature may extend its legislative session beyond the scheduled May 6 adjournment date. However, the Colorado Constitution requires the legislature pass a budget and school finance bill before July 1. The bipartisan Joint Budget Committee, comprised of six of the 100 state legislators, has continued to meet even while the full legislature has not. On April 8, legislative leaders announced tentative plans to resume this year’s legislative session May 18.

Gov. Jared Polis (D) in his emergency declaration ordered funds be used for specific coronavirus response purposes. Colorado has extended its income tax payment deadline to July 15 and its filing deadline to October 15. [Updated 4/2 with Colorado Supreme Court decision, 3/25 with session scheduling update, and 3/24 with new income tax deadlines.]


After initially suspending the legislative session until March 30, as of March 24, the legislature has postponed its next legislative meeting day to at least April 13. The legislature is scheduled to adjourn for the year May 6. Connecticut is operating under a two-year budget for fiscal years 2020-21.

When the legislature reconvenes, lawmakers will likely prioritize the passage of bills responding to the pandemic. The state has announced it will follow the IRS in delaying income tax filing and payment deadlines from April 15 to July 15. The state is also extending deadlines for the filing and payment of other annual income-related business taxes due between March 15 and June 1. On March 30, the state decided to extend the sales tax and room occupancy tax for small businesses that reported $150,000 or less in tax from the 2019 tax year; payments due on March 31 and April 30 are now due on May 31 for monthly filers, and payments due on April 30 are extended to May 31 for quarterly filers. Connecticut has suspended the plastic bag tax, which is a 10-cent-per-bag tax on disposable shopping bags, until May 15. [Updated 4/8 with small business relief and plastic bag tax suspension, 4/2 with budget information, 3/25 with legislative plans, and 3/24 and 3/20 with filing extension information.]


The General Assembly, which meets throughout the year, has been suspended indefinitely, after initially being suspended for one week through March 24. The legislature has yet to adopt a budget for FY 2021. In light of the pandemic, the Delaware Economic and Financial Advisory Council reduced revenue estimates for both the current fiscal year and the upcoming fiscal year by a combined $93 million. However, estimates for both years remain higher than when the FY 2020 budget was approved last June.

Gov. John Carney (D) announced no-interest 10-year loans capped at $10,000 per month for qualifying restaurants, bars, and other hospitality businesses, to be used for non-personnel costs such as rent and utilities. Payments are deferred for nine months. This is for eligible businesses in operation for at least a year, with annual revenue below $1.5 million. Unemployment insurance benefits can be claimed by those working part-time provided they document their decreased hours and earnings.

Delaware is among a handful of states that does not follow the typical April 15 federal tax filing deadline but instead has its own separate state filing deadline, which is typically April 30. This year, Delaware has joined the majority of states in delaying its deadline for filing and payment of individual and corporate income taxes to July 15. [Updated 3/25 with typical income tax filing deadline, 3/24 with income tax filing and payment extension, 3/20 with loan and UI benefit announcements, and 3/19 with announcement of indefinite suspension.]


The legislature extended its 60-day session, which was originally scheduled to end March 13, in order to finalize a $93.2 billion budget for fiscal year 2021. The budget, which was approved unanimously by legislators on March 19 before they adjourned for the year, dedicates $300 million in reserve funds to address COVID-19 and earmarks $25.5 million in FY 2020 and $27.3 million in FY 2021 for coronavirus response. Gov. Ron DeSantis (R), who has line-item veto authority, will have 15 days to act on the budget once it is formally sent to him. The governor has said he does not plan to act on the budget immediately but will focus his efforts on other COVID-19 response efforts and will wait to make decisions on the budget until revenue adjustment needs become more apparent. The Palm Beach Post reports the governor will likely use his line-item veto authority to reduce spending across many accounts while freeing up additional COVID-19 relief funding.

On March 26, the state announced the March 31 property tax payment due date will be extended to April 15. Florida, one of the states with no individual income tax, has extended various sales, tourism, and excise tax deadlines. [Updated 4/9 with new budget information, 4/2 with sales tax extension, 3/27 with property tax extension, 3/26 with new budget information, and 3/23 with budget vote and adjournment.]


The General Assembly has suspended its session indefinitely, after both chambers passed, and Gov. Brian Kemp (R) signed, an amended mid-year fiscal year 2020 state budget. Legislators approved shifting $100 million from the state’s $2.8 billion of reserves into the governor’s emergency fund for coronavirus response. However, the legislature must still pass a budget for FY 2021.

According to The Atlanta Journal-Constitution, the state generates about $5.2 billion of its revenue, or 28 percent, from April to June. With the slowdown because of the coronavirus outbreak, Georgia could face a deficit of more than $1 billion before the end of the fiscal year. Georgia’s income tax filing deadline is extended to July 15. [Updated 3/27 with impact of income tax deadline extension on state’s budget, 3/26 with information on self-quarantine, 3/24 with income tax filing extension 3/19 with $1 billion deficit estimate.]


The 2020 legislative session has been suspended indefinitely. Hawaii is currently operating under a two-year budget so will not need to pass a budget this year. However, legislators had been drafting a supplemental budget that they may consider should the 2020 legislative session resume. Hawaii is among a handful of states that does not follow the typical April 15 federal tax filing deadline but instead has its own separate state filing deadline, which is typically April 22. On March 23, the Hawaii Department of Revenue announced it is extending its deadline for income tax filing and payment to July 20, five days after this year’s July 15 federal deadline. [Updated 3/25 with information about Hawaii’s typical income tax filing deadline and 3/23 with income tax filing extension.]


Legislative leaders expedited consideration of the fiscal year 2021 budget and appropriations bills and adjourned for the year on March 20. A request by Gov. Brad Little (R) for the legislature to transfer $2 million to an emergency coronavirus response fund was recently approved by both chambers. On March 27, Gov. Little issued an executive order transferring $39.3 million out of the state’s Tax Relief Fund and into the disaster emergency fund. The Tax Relief Fund is an account to which online sales tax revenue has been directed since before the U.S. Supreme Court’s South Dakota v. Wayfair decision.

By the end of this year, it was originally expected there would be $80 million set aside in the Tax Relief Fund. In his January State of the State address, Gov. Little had proposed using $35 million from the Tax Relief Fund to provide relief from the sales tax on groceries, leaving the details to legislators. A bill to enhance the state’s existing grocery tax credit passed out of the House Ways and Means Committee, but after the bill’s floor consideration date was pushed back numerous times, the legislature ultimately adjourned without it receiving a vote.

With Idaho’s legislature adjourning for the year amid the coronavirus crisis, and with money having been transferred out of the Tax Relief Fund, the proposed grocery credit enhancement, as well as property tax cuts that had been considered in the legislature, have been put on hold for the foreseeable future.

Idaho has extended its income tax filing and payment deadline from April 15 to June 15, and the deadline for property tax relief applications is now June 15. Even without delaying its income tax filing deadline into FY 2021, Idaho has projected it would end FY 2020 with a budget shortfall if it took no action. To prevent this, Gov. Little on March 27 issued an executive order requiring one percent across-the-board budget cuts for all state agencies except those directly aiding in COVID-19 response efforts.

[Updated 4/2 with Tax Relief Fund, grocery tax credit, and budget cut details, 3/26 with property tax relief considerations, 3/24 with income tax filing extension and property tax relief extension, and 3/23 to note adjournment.]


The General Assembly had been set to return to session March 18, a day after the state’s primary election, but decided against it in light of the coronavirus crisis. The state’s legislative session, which lasts throughout the year, has been postponed several times. Session days originally scheduled for the week of March 30 were canceled, and no committee hearings are scheduled at this time.

With the rainy day fund nearly depleted, Gov. J.B. Pritzker (D) last month, before the extent of the coronavirus outbreak was known, said he wanted to put $50 million from an expected state surplus into the fund this year and $50 million into the fund next year. According to the Illinois Policy Institute, the state’s nearly-empty Budget Stabilization Fund would not even be able to cover 16 minutes’ worth of state spending.

On March 19, Gov. Pritzker announced the Department of Revenue is waiving penalties and interest for late sales tax remittance by qualifying restaurants and bars to help them maintain liquidity at a time when the state has required they shutter their doors to dine-in customers. Filing deadlines remain in place. The Illinois Commission on Government Forecasting and Accountability published a budget forecast for fiscal years 2021-23. The new report describes the coming years’ potential revenue losses in regards to the coronavirus, with the lower estimate of revenue losses near $2 billion and the more severe estimate over $8 billion. The state has extended income tax filing and payment deadlines to July 15. [Updated 4/2 with session adjustments, 3/26 with income tax extension, 3/25 with budget forecast, 3/23 with further session postponement, and 3/20 with sales tax remittance deferral information.]


The 2020 regular legislative session wrapped up last week, but some legislative leaders have called for a special session to address the coronavirus outbreak. This is a non-budget year for Indiana, as the state passed its fiscal year 2020-21 budget in April 2019. Gov. Eric Holcomb (R) said he will redirect $300 million in reserve funds, which were previously designated for capital projects, to instead be used for COVID-19 response efforts. He will now consider financing the recently approved capital projects by issuing bonds. The state has announced that income tax filing and payment deadlines have been extended to July 15th. [Updated 3/26 with coronavirus response funding details and 3/20 with filing extension.]


Iowa has extended its legislative recess. Initially set to last through April 15, lawmakers now have no plans to reconvene until after April 30. Prior to suspending session, lawmakers passed a session law providing supplemental appropriations for July and August 2020 at current levels, but only to take effect if the legislature is unable to reconvene before the start of the new fiscal year. The same law also provides $91.8 million in additional funding for the current fiscal year, including for response to the coronavirus outbreak.

Iowa is among a handful of states that does not follow the typical April 15 federal tax filing deadline but instead has its own separate state filing deadline, which is typically April 30. This year, Iowa has extended its deadline for filing and payment of individual income, corporate income, franchise, and related taxes to July 31. Governor Reynolds on March 20 also suspended interest and penalties for late property tax payments, as well as late alcoholic beverage tax payments, effective until the end of the emergency proclamation, which is currently set to expire April 16. [Updated 4/9 with session information, 3/25 with typical income tax filing deadline, 3/24 with property and alcoholic beverage tax update and 3/20 with income tax filing extension.]


The legislature worked quickly the week of March 16 to pass a basic FY 2021 budget package, which includes coronavirus response measures and a transportation plan. Both chambers passed the final budget March 19 and then adjourned for the spring recess earlier than planned. The FY 2021 budget, which contains supplemental appropriations for FY 2020, includes $65 million for coronavirus response efforts. The budget was signed into law March 25 by Gov. Laura Kelly (D). In the wake of COVID-19, the state is working to release a new revenue forecast April 20. The legislature will meet April 27 for its annual wrap-up session, at which time the legislature will take up any vetoes.

Kansas has extended its income tax filing and payment deadline to July 15 and is giving taxpayers until October 15 to apply for homestead and property tax relief. On April 1, the Department of Revenue reported March tax collections only 1.6 percent short of projections. [Updated 4/2 with March tax revenue details and property tax relief extension, 3/27 with budget developments and date of next expected revenue forecast, and 3/23 with new information about the budget, adjournment, and income tax deadline extension.]


The General Assembly, after canceling two legislative days in early March, went back into session March 17-19 and again on March 26 and April 1. On March 30, a COVID-19 response bill was signed by Gov. Beshear. This legislation declares an emergency, expands eligibility for unemployment benefits, waives the seven-day waiting period, and codifies the income tax filing extension to July 15.

On April 1, the House and Senate agreed to a one-year budget, which departs from the state’s usual practice of adopting two-year budgets in even-numbered years. The slimmed-down budget that was sent to the governor does not include most spending increases that were initially planned, although it does increase spending for certain programs dealing with the fallout from COVID-19. The bill also includes a new tax on vapor products. Under this legislation, closed-system products would be taxed at $1.50 per cartridge, and open-system products would be taxed at 15 percent of the wholesale price.

The legislature is expected to reconvene on April 13, with possible meetings April 14 and 15. Senate Majority Leader Damon Thayer (R) has suggested legislators may consider additional legislation, as well as any vetoes issued by the governor. By law, Kentucky’s legislative session must end April 15. Kentucky legislators adopted rules to allow remote electronic voting, and many voted from their cars or offices on April 1.

After adjourning for the year on or before April 15, lawmakers have no further plans to meet until January 2021, although a special session remains possible. When the legislature meets again next January, lawmakers plan to make adjustments to the FY 2021 budget and adopt a budget for FY 2022.

Kentucky, with one of the worst-funded pension systems in the nation and one of the most depleted rainy day funds, was already facing significant fiscal challenges before the coronavirus outbreak. Kentucky has extended its income tax filing and payment deadline to July 15, but interest will be applied to deferred income tax payments. [Updated 4/9 with additional budget, vapor tax, and session information, 4/2 with budget and COVID-19 response bill passage, 3/27 with COVID-19 response legislation, 3/26 with new session information, 3/24 with income tax filing and payment extension, and 3/20 with new developments on the budget.]


Louisiana on March 16 suspended its session until March 31. When legislators briefly met that day, they decided to suspend session indefinitely. When they return, they will need to pass a budget for FY 2021.

The Department of Revenue released guidance postponing February’s filing and payment deadline for sales taxes until May 20. No extension request is necessary to take advantage of the new deadline. Louisiana is among a handful of states that does not follow the typical April 15 federal tax filing deadline but instead has its own separate state filing deadline, which is typically May 15. On March 19, Louisiana announced that impacted businesses will have until May 20 to file and pay excise taxes otherwise due March 20. On March 23, Louisiana announced it is moving its income tax filing and payment deadline to July 15. Sales tax deadlines appear to be extended as well.

The Pelican state saw a large surplus this fiscal year and thus will likely end the fiscal year with a balanced budget, but forecasters estimate that state revenue for the upcoming fiscal year will see a $500 million decrease. In an effort to give relief to residents, the Department of Revenue and the Department of Treasury plan to work together to send out $4 million in unclaimed property checks, which include things like interest payments, utility deposits, and payroll checks. [Updated 4/9 with information on unclaimed property, 4/2 with session information, 3/27 with revenue information, 3/26 with excise payment extension, 3/25 with income tax filing and payment extension, and 3/20 to mention sales tax filing and payment extension.]


The legislature adjourned March 17, nearly a month earlier than scheduled, with plans to return later this year, although no date has been set. Lawmakers agreed to an approximately $76 million supplemental budget that includes an additional $1 million for the Maine Center for Disease Control and Prevention and adds $17.4 million to the budget stabilization fund. Maine is operating under a two-year budget for fiscal years 2020 and 2021 so has no immediate need to consider further budgetary measures this year. On March 26, Gov. Janet Mills (D) announced Maine’s income tax filing and payment deadline has been extended to July 15. [Updated 3/26 with income tax extension and 3/20 with new details about the supplemental budget.]


The General Assembly adjourned March 18, three weeks earlier than scheduled, after passing a $47.9 billion state operating budget and a $440 million revenue plan to fund education reforms and emergency responses to the coronavirus outbreak. The revenue plan includes major tax changes, including a first-in-the-nation attempt at taxing digital advertising and an increase in the cigarette excise tax from $2.00 to $3.75 per pack. Along with the bill implementing the digital advertising tax and increases to the tobacco excise tax (HB732), the budget bill (SB190) has been sent to Gov. Hogan for his signature or veto. The vaguely worded, legally dubious digital advertising tax is expected to be vetoed by Gov. Larry Hogan (R), but the current vote tally on that measure is enough to override a veto. The revenue plan would also extend unemployment insurance to those quarantined or who have been laid off because of the coronavirus outbreak. In addition, Gov. Hogan has already signed legislation allowing the state to tap up to $50 million from its rainy day fund.

Maryland is among the states conforming its individual and corporate income tax filing and payment deadlines with the federal government, thereby extending them to July 15. In addition, the March, April, and May filing and remittance deadlines for several business taxes have been extended to June 1. These include sales and use taxes, withholding taxes, admissions and amusement taxes, and alcohol, tobacco, and motor fuel excise taxes, among others. [Updated 4/9 with budget information and 3/26 and 3/23 with tax filing extensions.]


The legislature, which is scheduled to meet through July 31, is currently still in session but has taken precautions to limit close interaction among members by conducting smaller informal meetings and electronic committee hearings. Legislators and staff conducting legislative business in the House and Senate chambers are doing so while wearing protective face masks, committee hearings are being conducted electronically, and votes have been taken by voice vote instead of by roll call vote.

On March 18, the House and Senate passed a bill from Gov. Charlie Baker (R) speeding up unemployment payments to those quarantined or laid off because of the coronavirus outbreak. Gov. Baker also announced the state will distribute $5 million in emergency funds for localities impacted by the outbreak. A budget bill for FY 2021 has not yet been introduced. Normally, the House introduces its budget bill in April, but those plans have been delayed.

The Massachusetts Department of Revenue announced sales tax filing and remittance deadline extensions for businesses that paid less than $150,000 in sales and use taxes for the 12-month period ending February 29. The state is also waiving penalties for late filing and payment of meals taxes and room occupancy taxes due between March 20 and May 31, although interest will continue to accrue. The deadline for filing and payment of such taxes is now June 20 for qualifying businesses. Marketplace facilitators are not eligible for the extension. On March 27, Gov. Charlie Baker (R) announced extension of the income tax filing and payment deadline to July 15. [Updated 4/9 with session and budget information, 3/27 with income tax filing extension, 3/26 with legislative session details, 3/25 with marketplace facilitator information, and 3/24 with relief for certain businesses.]


The Michigan legislature, which meets throughout the year, plans to meet on an as-needed basis to consider the budget and other priorities. Both chambers canceled their meeting on March 25, and, after initially planning to reconvene April 1, pushed back their next meeting day to April 7. On April 7, both chambers voted to extend the state of emergency, but they did not vote on any fiscal changes.

On March 17, lawmakers approved $125 million in emergency coronavirus response funding. Gov. Gretchen Whitmer (D) also signed a bill to expand unemployment insurance benefits for those facing job loss or suspension due to the virus. The Michigan Department of Treasury has extended the deadline for sales and use tax payments from March 20 to April 20. The governor also issued an executive order extending the tax foreclosure deadline from March 31 to May 29 for properties with delinquent tax payments. Additionally, the state and local income tax filing and payment deadline has been extended to July 15. [Updated 4/8 and 4/2 with session information, 3/30 with income tax deadline extension, 3/27 with income tax deadline information, 3/25 with session change, and 3/20 with information on extension of tax foreclosure deadline.]


The Minnesota legislature suspended its legislative session March 17, taking its spring recess three weeks earlier than planned. Legislators plan to resume session as previously scheduled April 14. Before adjourning they added an additional $50 million in emergency funding to the $21 million supplemental appropriation for state health agencies that was signed March 10. The Legislature sent a bill to the Governor that appropriates $330 million to the state’s COVID-19 emergency fund for efforts against the virus and loans to businesses and tribes. Additionally, budget writers project that both the budget surplus and rainy day fund will be exhausted over the next two years due to the virus and the state’s response.

Minnesota is operating under a two-year biennial budget for fiscal years 2020 and 2021. The Minnesota Department of Revenue has issued a sales tax remittance extension, from March 20 to April 20, for certain qualified businesses, although all business must file their March return on March 20 even if they defer payment. The Department also announced individuals have until July 15 to file and pay their state income taxes. [Updated 3/27 with COVID-19 funding, 3/26 with emergency fund appropriation and budget projections, 3/24 with income tax extension and 3/20 with sales tax deferral information.]


Legislators voted March 17 and 18 to suspend the legislative session until April 1 or a day agreed upon by the lieutenant governor and speaker of the house. Lieutenant Governor Delbert Hosemann (R) and Speaker of the House Philip Gunn (R) later agreed to suspend Mississippi’s legislative session indefinitely.

Mississippi’s rainy day fund is filled to its statutory limit of $554 million, but some have voiced concerns about whether that is enough funding for times of true economic hardship. The state has extended its individual and corporate income tax filing and payment deadline to May 15. The Department of Revenue has stated it cannot extend the deadline beyond the end of the fiscal year while still retaining a balanced budget at the fiscal year’s end, as is required by law. While sales and use tax filing deadlines have not changed, the Department has announced that interest and penalties will not apply to late payments for as long as the national emergency remains in effect.

The Department has announced income tax withholding requirements will be based on employees’ normal work location, not their temporary telework location. This is necessary to ensure businesses do not become exposed, by virtue of teleworking employees, to income tax liability in states for which they would otherwise lack nexus. [Updated 4/9 with session information, 4/2 with teleworking comments, 3/27 with sales tax information, 3/26 with new rainy day fund information, and 3/25 with income tax filing deadline extension.]


Missouri’s legislative spring break, originally scheduled for March 23-27, started a week early in the Senate and on March 19 in the House. The House had initially planned to pass its FY 2021 budget before the spring recess but ultimately did not do so. However, on March 19, the House passed a supplemental budget package for FY 2020. An amended version of this supplemental budget was approved by both chambers on April 8. The supplemental budget authorizes the use of $5.7 billion in federal funds, while also appropriating nearly $247 million in state general fund spending, for COVID-19 response.

While the FY 2021 budget is the only other bill expected to pass this session, many expect a special session will occur this summer to work on other legislation that has not yet been considered due to COVID-19.

Missouri has extended its deadline for filing and paying individual and corporate income taxes to July 15. [Updated 4/9 with supplemental budget passage, 4/2 with session details, 3/24 with filing extension and budget and supplemental funding updates.]


The state legislature is not in session in 2020 and is operating under a two-year budget for fiscal years 2020-21. Many legislative interim meetings have been canceled. According to the leaders of the House Appropriations Committee and the Senate Finance and Claims Committee, Montana has $115 million in its Budget Stabilization Fund, a general fund surplus of $300 million, and $360 million in Unemployment Insurance Fund reserves. Governor Steve Bullock extended the filing and payment deadlines for the individual income tax to July 15. [Updated 4/2 with budget status, 3/24 with income tax extension and 3/20 with information about Montana’s fiscal standing.]


Nebraska’s 2020 legislative session was suspended for the week of March 16 but reconvened briefly during the week of March 23. The Unicameral quickly passed, and Gov. Pete Ricketts (R) signed, a measure providing $83.6 million in emergency COVID-19 funding. The legislature has again suspended its session indefinitely.

It is a non-budget year for Nebraska, but the Revenue Committee had sought to pass property tax relief legislation before the Unicameral’s scheduled adjournment date in late April. On March 19, Gov. Pete Ricketts (R) issued an executive order waiving late penalties for excise tax payors. On March 23, the governor announced the income tax filing deadline would be extended to July 15, but few official details have been released. [Updated 3/27 with COVID-19 response funding, 3/26 with excise tax payment information, and 3/23 with income tax filing extension.]


The state legislature is not in session in 2020, and legislative leaders have said they currently have no plans to go into special session related to the coronavirus outbreak. Gov. Steve Sisolak (D) has declared a state of emergency and ordered casinos, restaurants, and bars to close for 30 days. Nevada’s state sales taxes and gaming taxes account for 47.4 percent of the state’s forecasted general fund revenue for FY 2020 and 2021. [Updated 3/23 with state of emergency declaration details.]

New Hampshire

After initially suspending its session through April 10, the legislature has further postponed legislative activities through May 10. Both chambers have passed emergency rules to allow normal legislative deadlines to be shifted, such as the requirement that all bills be sent from one chamber to the other by March 26. Gov. Chris Sununu has expanded unemployment benefits in response to the coronavirus. To mitigate potential administrative issues with an overwhelming number of people applying for UI benefits, the state has designated specific time slots to assist claimants based on the first letter of their last name. The governor has also given local governments permission to give abatements on interest for late property tax payments while the state of emergency is in effect.

On March 23, the New Hampshire Department of Revenue Administration (DRA) issued a statement saying the April 15 due date still stands for filing and paying the Business Profits Tax (BPT), Business Enterprise Tax (BET), Interest & Dividends (I&D) Tax, and Meals & Rentals Tax. However, on March 30, the DRA proceeded in extending deadlines for the BPT, BET, and I&D tax for taxpayers who meet certain qualifications. Qualifying taxpayers have until June 15 to file and remit payments without penalties and interest accruing. Most, but not all, taxpayers are eligible to take advantage of these extended due dates. Specifically, business taxpayers qualify only if they owed no more than $50,000 in total BPT and BET tax liability in tax year 2018, and individual taxpayers qualify only if they owed no more than $10,000 in I&D taxes that year. [Updated 4/9 with property tax information, 4/1 with BPT, BET, and I&D tax extensions, 3/27 with session update, 3/25 with UI benefits expansion, and 3/24 with DRA’s announcement.]

New Jersey

The Assembly has canceled all committee hearings except those focused on coronavirus legislation. On March 16, the Assembly passed a package of 29 coronavirus response measures26 of which passed the Senate on March 19. On March 21, Gov. Phil Murphy (D) signed 16 of those bills into law. The state has not yet passed a budget for FY 2021 but has extended the end of its 2020 fiscal year from June 30 to September 30. In anticipation of budgetary turmoil, the state froze $900 million of spending in order to prepare for emergency financial needs.

Legislators sent the governor a bill (A.B. 3841 / S.B. 2300) that would provide for an automatic state deadline extension but would extend the due date no later than June 30, the last day of FY 2020, but the state later announced on Twitter that the filing deadline would be delayed to July 15th. The Garden State is temporarily waiving nexus requirements arising from residents working from home due to the coronavirus situation. [Updated 4/2 with tax filing information and nexus requirements and 3/27 with budget information.]

New Mexico

New Mexico’s legislature passed a budget for FY 2021 earlier in February, which the governor signed, but a special session is being considered to re-address the budget due to the impact of the coronavirus. Lawmakers adjourned Feb. 20. Gov. Michelle Lujan Grisham (D) recently vetoed about $150 million in infrastructure spending given the coronavirus outbreak. The state’s operating reserve is low, but before the extent of the coronavirus outbreak was known, the Tax Stabilization Reserve was projected to increase to $1.6 billion by next fiscal year. To access it, Gov. Grisham would have to declare it “necessary for the public peace, health, and safety” and both houses would have to approve with a two-thirds majority. In light of the outbreak, the state has waived for up to four weeks the requirement of “work search” to apply for unemployment benefits.

New Mexico’s income tax filing and payment due date is tied to the federal due date, so New Mexico’s filing and payment deadline has been extended to July 15. On March 25, the Taxation and Revenue Department announced that taxpayers will not owe interest if they delay income tax payment until July 15; however, interest will accrue on delayed withholding tax payments. [Updated 4/1 with budget status and 3/26 with additional details about the extended income tax filing deadline.]

New York

In March, Gov. Andrew Cuomo (D) signed legislation dedicating $40 million to combat the coronavirus outbreak. The Assembly and Senate suspended session for two days but went back into session March 18, passing legislation requiring all public employers, as well as private employers with at least 100 employees, to provide 14 days of paid sick leave.

The Senate and House suspended their sessions in late March but reconvened March 29 and 30, respectively, passing temporary measures to allow remote voting during a declared emergency. When New York’s new fiscal year began on April 1, lawmakers were still in the midst of finalizing a budget agreement. On April 3, Gov. Cuomo signed the new FY 2021 budget into law, which includes a spending cut of approximately $10 billion to account for revenue shortfalls. The budget does not include any major tax changes, and it leaves existing individual income tax rate reduction phase-ins in place.

The governor’s office estimates the coronavirus situation will cost the state up to $15 billion in revenue in the upcoming fiscal year. The governor has transferred budget authority to the Division of the Budget in light of the number of unknowns, as the Division can make spending forecasts and send revisions and cuts to the legislature to be acted upon.

New York’s income tax filing and payment deadlines are tied to the federal deadline, so both deadlines have been extended to July 15. The state is not extending its sales tax payment deadline, but is waiving late payment penalties. [Updated 4/9 with budget signing, 3/27 with budget status updates, and 3/24 with updated information regarding fees for late sales tax payments.]

North Carolina

The legislative session is still set to convene April 28 and adjourn mid-July. Many pre-session committee meetings scheduled for early March were canceled. In late March, pre-session meetings began being conducted remotely.

There is a possibility of a special session occurring before April 28 so lawmakers can consider the state’s response to COVID-19. North Carolina is operating under a two-year budget so will not need to pass a budget this year.

North Carolina’s income and franchise tax filing and payment deadline has been moved to July 15. However, interest will accrue between April 15 and the date of payment in accordance with preexisting state law. [Updated 4/8 with session information and 3/27 with session information.]

North Dakota

The state’s legislature is not in session in 2020 and will not need to pass a budget until 2021. The state’s Chairman of Legislative Management is requesting that interim meetings be postponed, and that if they cannot wait, that the meetings would be held remotely and livestreamed. Mirroring the federal government, the state has extended its income tax filing and payment deadline until July 15. [Updated 4/9 with session information and 3/23 with filing extension.]


The House suspended its session briefly earlier this month, but both chambers have now resumed a somewhat regular, albeit modified, meeting schedule. The next scheduled legislative meeting day is March 31 for both the House and the Senate. Gov. Mike DeWine (R) has delayed his State of the State address, which was originally scheduled to occur March 31.

On March 25, the Ohio Senate and House unanimously passed, and on March 27, the governor signed, legislation that extends the state income tax filing deadline to July 15 and changes the April 28 primarily election to mail-in ballots only. It also codifies an executive order that temporarily waives the waiting period to qualify for unemployment benefits and the requirement that people seeking jobless benefits search for work. In addition, its grants approval to transfer money from the state’s rainy day fund for coronavirus outbreak relief as needed by DeWine.

As of March 26, Ohio’s unemployment insurance account had $1.07 billion in funding. When the coronavirus crisis began, the fund had only enough to pay benefits for six months (assuming an economic crisis similar in scope to the Great Recession).

Gov. DeWine on March 23 ordered a freeze in state government hiring, with an exception for positions directly related to coronavirus response, safety and security, and direct care or institutional services. He also ordered agencies to cut unnecessary spending by up to 20 percent for the remainder of this fiscal year and the next. In addition, a downtown Columbus interstate highway project has been delayed by the Ohio Department of Transportation until next year because of expected decreases in revenue from fuel taxes[Updated 3/27 with policy developments and new information on unemployment insurance and highway projects, 3/26 with new session dates, 3/25 with legislative developments, and 3/23 with governor’s hiring freeze.]


On March 16, both chambers passed legislation allowing the legislature to adjourn for longer than three days and to vote by proxy if needed. The House and Senate took an extended recess through early April, as someone on the floor tested positive for coronavirus.

When legislative business resumed on April 5, legislators voted, through a series of three bills, to shift $500 million from the state’s rainy day fund to the current budget to fill a gap of $416 million caused by COVID-19 and declining oil and gas tax revenues. They also passed legislation giving Gov. Kevin Stitt (R) the authority to redirect state resources, while requiring that he notify legislative leadership if he moves more than $50 million.

According to the Bartlesville Examiner-Enterprise, Gov. Stitt has said he will not sign two of the three bills sent his way, and that he would rather cut spending this year by one or two percent. While the vote tally was enough to override a gubernatorial veto, the Oklahoma Board of Equalization must officially declare a revenue shortfall before rainy day fund money can be accessed. The Board had been set to declare a shortfall April 6, but the governor canceled the meeting.

When the legislature met on April 5, many remained home but voted by proxy, and others took precautions to vote in the chamber in small groups instead of all at once. On March 23, the state issued an updated announcement postponing the income tax payment and filing deadline to July 15. Previously, only the payment, not the filing, deadline had been extended. [Updated 4/9 with session and rainy day fund information, 4/2 and 3/27 with session information, 3/25 with income tax filing extension, 3/23 with extended recess proxy voting information, and 3/20 with income tax payment extension.]


The 2020 session adjourned March 8 as scheduled, but legislative leaders have said they will call a special session to pass a coronavirus response package when it is ready for consideration. The legislature formed a Special Joint Committee on Coronavirus Response, which held its first meeting March 18. The state has announced that it will follow the IRS in delaying income tax filing deadlines from April 15 to July 15. Quarterly payments for the new Corporate Activity Tax (CAT) are still due on April 30, but the Oregon Department of Revenue will not be charging underpayment penalties for companies that make a good faith effort to estimate these payments.  [Updated 3/25 with CAT information and 3/20 with filing extension.]


The Pennsylvania legislature has not announced plans to postpone its session. Both the House and Senate are voting remotely and have passed several coronavirus-related measures, one of which provides $50 million of additional funds for health care facilities. Pennsylvania has modified unemployment compensation benefits in response to the coronavirus by suspending the “waiting week” as well as waiving certain requirements. The state has extended its income tax filing and payment deadline to July 15.

The Pennsylvania Independent Fiscal Office is anticipating a large reduction in motor vehicle sales tax revenue for the current fiscal year due to car dealership closures. [Updated 3/26 with healthcare funding and sales tax revenue information and 3/24 with new income tax filing deadline.]

Rhode Island

Rhode Island has suspended its session until April 14. When lawmakers return, they will need to pass a budget for the upcoming fiscal year. Rhode Island’s legislature meets throughout the year.

The Rhode Island Department of Revenue has extended the deadline for filing and paying various income, estate, and business taxes to July 15. This new filing deadline has state officials looking for ways to address budgetary issues arising from the income tax deadline being pushed into the new fiscal year. The state is looking into various options, such short-term borrowing or transferring revenue between accounts. As a step in this direction, the Disaster Emergency Funding Board approved borrowing up to $300 million to shore up the general fund until the state receives tax revenue in July at the request of Gov. Raimondo. [Updated 4/2 with session information, 3/27 with revenue information, 3/26 with budgetary considerations, and 3/24 regarding filing dates.]

South Carolina

The South Carolina legislature canceled a recess originally planned for the week of March 16 to vote on $45 million in emergency funding for the state Department of Health and Environmental Control. Gov. Henry McMaster (R) signed the bill into law March 19.

On April 8, the House and Senate each passed a continuing resolution to extend current funding levels through the beginning of the new fiscal year in the event a new budget is not adopted before July 1. The House-passed resolution, which was approved unanimously, appropriates $180 million for COVID-19 response. The Senate made amendments to certain unrelated components of the bill before passing it, so the House will need to consider the Senate’s amendments. The Senate also passed a sine die resolution allowing legislators to reconvene after the scheduled May 14 adjournment date for specific purposes, including to address budgetary and COVID-19 response issues.

South Carolina originally announced a deadline extension to June 1 for any tax payments previously due in April or May, but this was before the federal government moved its own deadline. On March 23, the state announced it was following the federal government’s example by postponing its filing and payment deadline until July 15. This announcement did not include sales and use taxes, which remain due on June 1, as per the earlier announcement. [Updated 4/9 with continuing resolution information, 3/25 with sales tax note, 3/24 with filing extension update, and 3/23 with budget developments.]

South Dakota

The legislature wrapped up its business March 12 but convened electronically for a veto session on March 30, which lasted into the early morning hours of March 31. Among the various bills considered this session was a bill the legislature passed to create a $10.5 million economic disaster relief fund, which would give loans to help small businesses negatively affected by the coronavirus. The legislature will reconvene for a special session in June to re-write much of the FY 2021 budget that has already passed both chambers. Gov. Kristi Noem (R) has said she will sign into law the budget bills already passed by the legislature but will hold off on spending new money, as significant changes will likely be made to the budget in June. [Updated 4/1 with session updates.]


On March 20, Tennessee legislators passed a FY 2021 budget that scaled back many of Gov. Bill Lee’s (R) education spending priorities, instead dedicating $150 million for COVID-19 response efforts, adding $575 million to the rainy day fund, and appropriating an additional $30 million for the Tennessee Emergency Management Agency’s response to the tornadoes that devastated Nashville and other parts of the state earlier this month. After passing the budget, legislators adjourned for the rest of the spring but hope to return June 1 to tackle other legislative priorities.

The governor announced on April 6 that the state would give $200 million in grants to local governments to help cover one-time expenses. The Tennessee Department of Revenue has extended the filing and payment deadline for the Hall Income Tax (Tennessee’s tax on investment income) for all filers, as well as the deadlines for franchise and excise taxes, to July 15. Previously, the Hall Income Tax deadline had only been extended by those affected by tornadoes that hit the Nashville area. [Updated 4/9 with local grant information, 3/30 with Hall tax deadline extension, 3/25 with franchise and excise tax filing extensions, 3/24 with details on tornado-related tax relief, and 3/20 with details on budget passage and adjournment.]


The legislature is not in session in 2020, but various committee hearings have been suspended that were scheduled for March and April. Gov. Greg Abbott (R) declared a State of Disaster, freeing up funding to respond to the coronavirus.

The Texas Comptroller of Public Accounts has announced the deadline for franchise tax filing and payment has been extended to July 15. However, the Comptroller has decided against extending deadlines for the filing or payment of state and local sales taxes, hotel taxes, alcoholic beverage taxes, and motor vehicle rental taxes, among others. Texas does not levy individual or corporate income taxes but does levy gross receipts taxes on businesses. [Updated 3/24 with Comptroller’s announcement.]


Utah’s regular legislative session wrapped up March 12 as originally scheduled after policymakers rushed to pass legislation that allows them to meet in later special or interim sessions, and by electronic means if necessary.

According to Deseret News, an online special session will likely be held starting April 15 or 16 to consider moving the state’s primary election from June 30 to August 4. During that special session, Utah lawmakers may also transfer funds to prevent the state from ending FY 2020 with a deficit. Utah follows federal tax filing schedules, so filing and payment deadlines are extended through July 15. [Updated 4/9 with special session plans and 3/27 with budget information.]


The state legislature on March 13 made the decision to suspend its legislative session until March 24 due to the coronavirus. Before recessing, the House passed an emergency response package to the coronavirus outbreak, but the Senate adjourned before taking up the bill. The Senate reconvened March 24, and the House March 25, to finalize the legislative package, which includes a temporary expansion of eligibility for unemployment benefits. While the House was previously suspended, and the Senate was limited to convening for technical purposes only, both chambers approved temporary measures to allow remote voting until the end of Vermont’s state of emergency.

The state followed the IRS in moving income tax filing and payment deadlines from April 15 to July 15. The Vermont Department of Taxes has also provided temporary relief to businesses by waiving penalties and interest for late filing and payment of the Meals and Rooms Tax and the Sales and Use Tax. Instead of filing and remitting these taxes on March 25 and April 25, businesses may wait to do so until May 25. Chief Fiscal Officer Steve Klein has said these tax deadline extensions will result in a revenue shift of approximately $145 million from this fiscal year to the next. [Updated 4/9 with session information, 3/26 with COVID-19 response legislative developments and 3/24 with filing extension.]


The General Assembly adjourned before states began to undertake robust responses to the coronavirus outbreak. Now, some legislators are calling for a special session to enact emergency legislation in response to the crisis. The General Assembly passed a $135 billion biennial budget that raised taxes to increase heath care, education, transportation, and other spending by approximately 20 percent. Senate Republicans have asked Governor Northam to amend budget legislation that was passed by the legislature in mid-March. According to the Marietta Daily Journal, Gov. Northam does intend to make cuts to the recently enacted budget. He has until April 12 to sign, amend, or veto the budget, as well as to act on 400 additional pieces of legislation that passed the legislature this session.

The state has $2 billion in financial reserve funds leading into FY 2021. The administration has granted 60-day extensions of expired driver licenses, ID cards, and vehicle registrations, and has waived the one-week waiting period to access state unemployment insurance.

Gov. Ralph Northam (D) announced that he has requested an extension of the payment deadline for individual and corporate income taxes to June 1. However, the filing deadline remains unchanged, and interest will accrue, so he encouraged taxpayers who could do so to pay by the original deadline. Businesses impacted by COVID-19 can request to defer their March 20 sales tax payments to April 20. The Department will waive penalties for businesses whose requests are granted.

Virginia is among a handful of states that does not follow the typical April 15 federal tax filing deadline but instead has its own separate state filing deadline of May 1. This year, Virginia has extended its income tax payment deadline to June 1, but the filing deadline remains May 1. [Updated 4/3 with correct income tax filing and payment due dates, 4/2 with budget information, 3/25 with filing extension and typical filing deadline, and 3/20 with income and sales tax payment information.]


The 60-day legislative session wrapped up earlier this month. Lawmakers approved the use of $200 million from the state’s rainy day fund for the coronavirus outbreak, with $175 million of that going to the public health system and the rest to a special unemployment fund for affected businesses and workers. Some proposed spending has been pared back so that the state reserves can continue to grow.

The Washington Department of Revenue announced it will, upon request, provide extensions for filing and payment of taxes due during the state of emergency, which began February 29 and currently has no set end date. Filing and payment extensions will be granted to businesses for business and occupation (B&O) taxes and real estate excise taxes, among others. [Updated 3/23 with tax extensions.]

West Virginia

The 60-day legislative session ended as originally scheduled on March 7 with passage of a budget for fiscal year 2021. The budget included an amendment dedicating $2 million in existing Department of Health and Human Services resources to create a Public Health Emergency Response Fund to respond to the coronavirus outbreak. The West Virginia State Tax Department announced March 26 its income tax filing and payment deadline has been extended to July 15. [Updated 3/27 with income tax deadline extension.]


The Wisconsin State Assembly adjourned for the year in early March, and the Senate previously was scheduled to wrap up between March 24 and 26 but canceled the scheduled floor period due to the coronavirus outbreak.

Leaders in the Senate and Assembly did agree to call an extraordinary legislative session this spring to consider COVID-19 response legislation. As of April 9, legislators plan to convene an electronic special session in mid-to-late April. During that special session, legislators have discussed considering legislation to waive interest and penalties on late property tax payments through October 1, codify the governor’s waiver of the one-week unemployment benefits waiting period, and enhance authority for legislative budget writers to take the lead on spending cuts. Wisconsin follows federal tax filing schedules, so filing and payment deadlines are extended through July 15.

Prior to the public health crisis, the governor had proposed depositing half of the current budget surplus (about $409 million) into the rainy day fund, with the rest dedicated to education, while legislative Republicans had proposed using some of the surplus for a $250 million tax cut. At an impasse, the surplus remains uncommitted. Without any action, by default, half of the surplus will go into the rainy day fund. The rest will go to the general fund and be available when the discussions begin on the next biennial budget next January. [Updated 3/24 to clarify filing deadline.]


The budget session of the state legislature ended last week and the one tax measure passed was a 5 percent statewide lodging tax, estimated to raise $18 million a year. Both chambers also agreed to a plan capping withdrawal from the Legislative Stabilization Reserve Account, the state’s rainy day fund, at $150 million.  

The District of Columbia

The D.C. Council unanimously passed an emergency bill March 17, which took effect upon passage, allowing the DC Office of Tax and Revenue (OTR) to offer tax relief to retail businesses and hotels. It also allows the Council to meet and vote remotely. As an emergency bill, it is temporary in nature, does not require the approval of Congress, and will expire after 90 days.

On March 20, OTR announced property tax deferrals for hotels and sales tax deferrals for all other vendors that file sales taxes on a quarterly or monthly basis. Hotel property taxes for the first half of 2020 are now due June 30, and sales and use taxes (for businesses that are not hotels) are due July 20, although the March 20 and April 20 filing deadlines still stand, and the May 20 filing and payment deadline (for the April sales tax period) also still stands.

On March 23, Mayor Bowser announced an extension in the DC income tax filing and payment deadline from April 15 to July 15. This extended deadline applies to the filing of individual and fiduciary income tax returns, partnership tax returns, franchise tax returns, and any associated tax payments.

Mayor Muriel Bowser (D) has also directed $7.5 million from the Contingency Cash Reserve Fund (4 percent of the previous fiscal year’s general fund expenditures less debt service cost) for purchases related to the coronavirus outbreak. The District also has an Emergency Cash Reserve Fund (2 percent of the previous fiscal year’s general fund expenditures less debt service cost). Chief Financial Officer Jeffrey DeWitt says the rainy day fund is at $1.43 billion, equivalent to 60 days of funding in case of recession or other downturn, and there is a well-funded unemployment insurance trust fund. An extension also was granted for Mayor Bowser to submit the 2021 budget, from mid-March to early May. On April 6, D.C. Council announced that it will have to cut over $600 million from the FY 2020 budget. The Council also announced legislation that immediately freezes rent increases. [Updated 4/9 with planned budget cuts and rent freeze, 3/23 with updated tax filing and payment deadlines.]

Disclaimer: The above does not constitute tax advice and should not be relied upon for tax planning. If you have a question about tax filing or tax obligations in your state, please consult with a tax adviser.

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