State of Canadian Psychedelic Law 2022 Report


What Is and Isn’t Legal in Canada

The legality of psychedelics in Canada is largely governed by two federal laws: the Cannabis Act and the Controlled Drugs and Substances Act (CDSA).

Though these two laws establish in relatively clear terms which substances are permitted or prohibited, due to highly inconsistent enforcement of Canada’s drug laws over time and across jurisdictions, many people are confused as to what is legal in Canada. So, let’s review the basics.

• Cannabis has been legal for adult recreational use in Canada since 2018.

• Psilocybin (“magic mushrooms”), LSD (“acid”), DMT (the active psychedelic agent in ayahuasca), and MDMA (“ecstasy”) are all criminally prohibited under the CDSA.

• Mescaline is criminally prohibited under the CDSA, but peyote (which contains mescaline) is legal.

• Ketamine is legal and regulated for medical but not recreational use. • Ibogaine is not criminally prohibited, nor is it approved for medical or any other use.



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